The Ethiopia Oromo is one of the ethnic groups in Ethiopia. We all know that Ethiopia is wealthy when it comes to ethnic. The culture of the language is all so mesmerizing. We have members or settled people in different clans. The Oromia Region is one of the nine regional states of Ethiopia, the homeland of the Ethiopia Oromo.
The Ethiopia Oromia is subdivided into 20 administrative zones: Arsi. Bale. Bedele. The Ethiopia Oromo people are a Cushitic ethnic group and nation native to Ethiopia who speaks the Oromo language. They are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia and representing 34.5% of Ethiopia’s population.
The capital seat of the State is Finfine (Addis Ababa). The main agricultural crops include maize, teff, wheat, barley, peas, bean, and various types of oilseeds. The Oromos are very proud of their culture and respect one another. They have a flag represented with red, white and black stripes with a tree in the middle symbolizing the Ethiopia Oromo is a sycamore, known locally known as “oda”. In the traditional “Gada” system, the “Gada” officers meet under the tree before the “Chafee” meeting.
Oromia is filled with green areas and plenty of land spaces within. Rich in buttermilk animals and many others. The earliest primary account of Ethiopia Oromo ethnography is the 16th-century “History of Galla” by Christian monk Bahrey who comes from the Sidama country of Gammo, written in the Ge’ez language.
What is Ethiopia Oromo Traditional Food?
The first known use of the word Oromo to refer to the ethnic group is traceable to 1893. The historic term for them has been Galla. As I mentioned earlier, Oromo is rich in bitter milk and many more. Their traditional food is based on those ingredients.
Chuko, barley conserved with butter, is the traditional food of the Oromia region in Ethiopia. It is traditionally made by women from barley powder mixed with a sufficient amount of distilled butter, along with ginger, onion, salt, and spices.
Traditionally food is eaten with the fingers of the right hand. Western utensils may now be used in Ethiopia Oromo homes in Seattle. Milk and coffee mixed with milk are common traditional drinks served with traditional cups and plates made from cows and other animals horns.
What is the Ethiopia Oromo Language?
Oromo is a Cushitic language spoken by about 30 million people in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Egypt, and it is the third-largest language in Africa. Ethiopia Oromo people are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia and account for more than 40% of the population. It’s known as Afaan Oromo. known as Afaan Oromo. It is a highly developed spoken language.
What is Ethiopia Oromo Religion?
Religious Life Traditionally in Ethiopia Oromo centers revolves around one God, Waaqa, who is responsible for everything that happens to human beings based on their belief. As Oromos adopted Islam or Christianity, they maintained the concept of Waaqa and incorporated their beliefs into the new religions.
Waaqeffanna is an ancient monotheistic religion that is indigenous to the Ethiopia Oromo people. Now let’s talked about the most important culture for honoring peace among promo and people. The Gada system is a time-honored age and generation-set system practiced among the Oromo. people who regarded the system as their common heritage and as one of their major identity-forming elements.
Gada is a traditional system of governance used by the Ethiopia Oromo people in Ethiopia developed from knowledge gained by community experience over generations. Gada system has the principles of checks and balances, and division of power, balanced opposition, and power-sharing between higher and lower administrative organs to prevent power from falling under the authorized people.
The Gada system was a system of age-grade classes that succeed each other every eight years in assuming military, economic, political, and ritual responsibilities. Each Gada class remained in power during a specific term (Gada) which began and ended with a formal power transfer ceremony.
The Eleven Regular Gadaa cycle among the Boran people the Gadaa System embraces eleven basic Gadaa grades: five active, five passive, and one liminal (full retirement) stage. Each one of the eleven Gadaa grades equally bears eight-year periods and they are based on genealogical generations.
This traditional system of the Oromo government that is used by its own people developed its knowledge through community experience among generations. This system is advantageous because it regulates the social, economical and political aspects of the land while dealing with issues such as conflict resolution, reparations, and honors women’s rights.
Ethiopia Oromo and Irrecha
It enforces moral conduct, building social cohesion, and expressing forms of community culture. It is also practiced by the Konso and Gedeo people of southern Ethiopia. Of course, we can’t forget about the Irreechaa celebration. One of our confidential celebration holiday that is exhibited in UNESCO.
Irreechaa is the annual Ethiopia Oromo people thanksgiving day that celebrated every year in Birraa near the river bank or water and tree. Irreechaa is celebrated every year in September in Bishoftu Hora Harsadii and other Oromia major cities.
the Oromos usually go to the river or to the mountain during the time of their worshiping rituals, or during Irrechhaa celebration. The Ethiopia Oromo people celebrate Irreechaa not only to thank Waaqaa (God) but also to welcome the new season of plentiful harvests after the dark and rainy winter season associated with nature and creature. On Irreechaa festivals, friends, family, and relatives gather together and celebrate with joy and happiness. Irreechaa festivals bring people closer to each other and make social bonds.
The Oromo thank Waaqa for helping them survive the winter (rainy) season peacefully, for helping them grow crops for people and grass for cattle, for creating the Birraa (spring) season, which is a harvesting season, for creating the autumn and winter seasons, and for creating everything in the universe.
Ethiopia Oromo and Irrecha as Heritage
Upon reaching the lake, worshipers perform various rituals, such as immersing the green grass and the flowers they are carrying in the lake and sprinkling themselves as well as others around them. UNESCO was very proud to exhibit this non-tangible heritage.
Irreechaa had been celebrated for many centuries and will live on forever by being the most amazing culture. The Oromos have developed their own unique calendar based on lunar and solar cycles. Day time begins and ends with the rise and setting of the sun. Days of the month are given names.
Borana and Barentu in Oromo oral history are said to be brothers who were the sons Orma, father of all Oromos. These two major groups are in turn subdivided into an assortment of clan families.“Habesha” refers to ethnic Amhara and Tigre, and sometimes Guraghe, but not all other ethnonational groups in the Ethiopian empire. The Abyssinian intent behind this is to make Ethiopia Oromo and others deny who they are whenever and wherever Habeshas can.
Ethiopia Oromo and Adminstration
Lemma Megersa is an Ethiopian politician currently serves as the Minister of Defense of Ethiopia, and was the President of the Oromia regional state of Ethiopia and Deputy Chairman of the ruling party in the region, Oromo Democratic Party.
Shimelis Abdissa, the former Prime minister office chief of staff is appointed as president of Oromia regional state with a rank of deputy president replacing Lemma Megerssa, the former head of state who appointed today to head Ministry of defense. Prior to his appointment Shimelis was served in various regional and federal government positions. Shimelis was as appointed as chief of staff PM office in place of Fitsum Arega who is now serving as Ambassador in the US.
The special interest of the State of Oromia in Addis Ababa, regarding the provision of social services or the utilization of natural resources and other similar matters, as well as joint administrative matters arising from the location of Addis Ababa within the State of Oromia, shall be respected.
Apart from astronomy and numerology, the Ethiopia Oromo offer much to learn regarding autonomous governance, democratic governance and the management of power (political authority is handed to a new age-set through elections every eight years), organic agriculture (the world-renowned Boran bull species is a product of the indigenous breeding knowledge of the Boran branch of Oromo) and spiritual care.
Furthermore, the recovered Oromo story also offers the foundation for a greater study of the Kushite civilization that gave rise to the black civilization of Khemet, better known as Ancient Egypt. Since children are seen as having great value, most Oromo families are large.
Ethiopia Oromo and Marriage
The birth of a child is celebrated because each newborn child will someday become a worker. Marriage is celebrated since it is the time when boys and girls enter adulthood. Death is marked as an important event; it brings members of the community together to say goodbye.
When Oromos visit other families, they are provided with something to drink or eat. It is expected that visitors will eat or drink what is offered. People can drop by and visit friends or relatives without letting them know ahead of time.Dating is an important step for a boy and a girl. Usually a young boy begins by expressing his love for a girl whom he wants to date.
When a girl agrees that she loves him, too, they start dating. Premarital sex is not accepted, but kissing and dancing are acceptable. Parents are not usually told about a dating relationship. Dating may or may not lead to marriage. Having girlfriends and boyfriends gains young people social status and respect from others.
Now we know all this about Ethiopia Oromo culture, it’s mandatory that we respect and be aware of them.as for Ethiopia, every ethnic love one another, care, and respect for each other. Let’s keep it that way for as long as we exist.